In a smart contract, the conditions of the agreement between the buyer and seller are directly encoded into lines of code, making it a self-executing contract. They are built on the decentralised blockchain technology, which is a mechanism for storing and authenticating digital transactions.
Smart contracts’ key benefit is its ability to automate contract execution, which makes it quicker and more effective. They also provide a high level of immutability and transparency because all the data on the blockchain is accessible to everyone and cannot be changed.
The fact that smart contracts are activated by particular circumstances or occurrences is one of its fundamental characteristics. For instance, once the full purchase price has been paid, a smart contract for the purchase of a home may be set up to automatically transfer ownership of the home to the buyer.
Various businesses, including finance, real estate, and supply chain management, can employ smart contracts. They can be used in real estate to speed up the purchasing and selling of properties, while they can be used in finance to automate the process of trading financial derivatives.